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RetinaRetinal Services

  • Retina eye examination is not complete without retinal examination. Sometimes a person may have serious vision threatening problem in spite of 6\6 vision eg -- diabetic retinopathy, branch vein occlusion, retinal detachment, retinal degeneration and tear etc.

    What is retina?

    Retina is the innermost photosensitive layer of the eye. It is connected to the brain via the optic nerve

    What are the parts of retina?

    Macula (central retina) - appreciation of fine details, reading and color vision Peripheral retina - functions for night vision

    What are the symptoms of retinal disease?

    Sudden or gradual decrease in vision
    Loss of field of vision
    Flashes of light
    Floaters
    Objects appearing distorted (Metamorphopsia)
    Night Blindness

    Diabetes & Retinopathy Diabetic Retinopathy is a disease affecting small blood vessels of the Retina. It has the dual features of vascular leakage and vascular occlusion. In diabetes, retinal small vessels undergo certain changes resulting into weakening of blood vessel wall. These causes leakage, retinal edema and hemorrhages in retina & vitreous. usually it takes 10 to 30 years to develop diabetic changes in eye since the onset of diabetese. good control of diabetes along with hich may accelerate the onset of retinopathy- Pregnblood pressure [ if it is present] can slow down the eye changes but can not prevent diabetic retinopathy. poor control of diabetes will certainly accelerate the retinopathy.

    Other factors wancy, anemia, systemic hypertension, renal disease.

    Treatment-

    annual routine check up - if there is no diabetic retinopathy or no problem in eyes or called by your doctor early check up if advised by your doctor when required fundus photograph or FFA [fundus fluorecein angiography ] is done . If indicated , diabetic retinopathy is treated by laser or vitrectomy. Laser treatment may be required many times. Now this is a very common cause of blindness.

    When should one consult a retinologist?

    Whenever patient has any of the above mentioned symptoms he is advised to have an immediate check up with a retina specialist. Regular eye examinations if the patient is diabetic, hypertensive and over forty years.

    What are the diseases that affect the retina?

    Common diseases include Diabetes mellitus
    Hypertension
    Age related macular degeneration
    Myopia
    Infectious diseases
    Heriditary degeneration
    Congenital degeneration